A horse race is a sport in which horses compete against each other to achieve a specific goal. It is one of the oldest sports in history and has been played in many civilizations across the world, including ancient Greece and Rome. Horse racing has evolved into a highly popular form of entertainment and gambling. It has become a major source of revenue for most countries. It is also a significant source of employment, and has been an important part of social life for people throughout the world. There are dozens of countries in which horse races take place, including Australia, France, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, and Japan. It is also a popular sport in Canada, and is a staple of the country's culture. The game is a competitive event in which horses are allowed to race on foot or in a chariot, often in pairs or teams. It is a sport that varies widely from country to country, but it is generally based on rules that ensure the safety of all involved. In the United States, where horse racing has been around since 18th century, there are a variety of different laws that govern the sport. These include regulations on the use of whips and a range of drugs that can be given to the horses. A horse's performance in a race depends on its physical condition, which is why veterinarians often give them painkillers to help alleviate their discomfort. They also give them sedatives to make them sleep better during the race, and they administer growth hormones, blood doping medications, and antipsychotics. Although these substances are illegal, they are often given to horses, and trainers sometimes test their blood for them. The penalties for violations vary from state to state. The race has evolved from a simple match race in which two or three horses would be placed side by side to compete, with the owner providing a small sum of money, to the modern-day spectacle that combines hundreds of runners on a track and tens of thousands of people watching them, betting on them, and cheering for them. It is a multi-billion dollar industry, and its repute has spread throughout the world. During the past few decades, a small but ever-growing number of people have started to suspect that the horse racing industry is rife with corruption and abuse. This has prompted the sport to engage in a number of investigations, most recently by the United States Department of Justice and the New York State Gaming Commission. These investigations, which are backed by PETA, have led to litigation in both federal and state courts. The lawsuits have caused a stir, and have drawn out the public's attention to the sport’s corrupt practices. But the scandal will only lead to real reform if the people who are currently in power realize they have lost control of this sport and start to police themselves. They will have to stop playing games and start acting like the leaders of a free society.